Learning Thai Words

Though it's not really necessary to get by, you will undoubtedly have an easier and more enjoyable experience in Thailand from any time you spend learning Thai. Most Thais don't expect a foreigner to be able to speak any of their language, and are often visibly surprised if you can string a few sentences together. It's also encouraging how many people will tell you that you " poot tai geng " (speak Thai well), no matter how limited your command of the language really is. Even with only a fairly small vocabulary, you will find it a lot easier to get discounted prices at shops and markets "rah kah poot tai dai" (Thai speaker prices) and to make friends amongst the locals.
This is a simple guide for the benefit of visitors and to help those intending to learn Thai to get started. The following basic words should help you to communicate at a basic level.
Introductions
hello
how are you
i’m fine
thank you
bye bye
see you again
excuse me / sorry
I, me

sawadee (krup/ka)
sabai dee mai (rising tone)
sa-bai dee
kharb khun
sawadee
pob gan mai (rising tone)
khar toort
phom (male) dee chan
(female) or simply chan
you
he, she, they
us, we
what is your name
yes/no
you’re welcome
welcome to…
never mind
khun
kao
rao
khun chuu a-rai
chai/mai chai
yin dee
yin dee tawn rap
mai pen rai
Mai pen rai is universally used to mean, ‘its ok’, ‘oh well’, ‘you’re excused’, ‘forget about it’ and more. Thais are very civil and polite by habit and will always add krup (male) or ka (female) to the end of the sentence when addressing others unless they are very familiar with them. Often they will also, as a matter of course, add na in front of this to soften any commands. It’s important to get into this habit from the start.
Actions
want (something)
want (action)
go
come
take
would like
drive/ride
pay
receive
can / cannot
like / prefer
sleep
aow
yaak
pai
maa
aow pai (lit; want & go)
kor
kap / kii
jaai
rap
dai / mai dai
chawp
nawn

walk
find
repair
take a look
chat
speak
bring
buy
visit
eat
drink

dern (pai) as in trekking
phob
som
long duu
kui
phuut
aow maa
sue (low tone)
pai tiow
gin / kin
derm
Every day items
money
baggage/bags
clothes
mobile phone
taxi
bus
train
airplane
car
gasoline
ngern
gra-pao
suea
meu tor
tak-see
rot but
rot fai
kruang bin
rot yon
naam man
motorcycle
boat
books
map
things
soap
towel
pen
spectacles

(rot) mor-tor-sai
ruav
nang-sua
preen-tee
khawng
sa-buu
pra-chet-tua
pak-ga
wen-ta

Numbers
one
two
three
four
five
six
seven
eight
nineten
nueng
sawng
saam
see
haa (falling tone)
hock
jet
peart
gow (short and low)
sib
eleven
twelve
twenty
twentyone
thirty
hundred
thousand
ten thousand
hundred thousand
million
sib-et
sib-sawng (and so on)
yee-sib
yee-sib-et (and so on)
saam-sib
rooi
pan
mueng
sen
laan

Days and time
Monday
Tuesday
Wednesday
Thursday
Friday
Saturday
Sunday
Weekend
wan jan
wan ankhaan
wan phut
wan paruhat
wan suk
wan saow
wan ah-tit
sao-ahtit
month
year
hour
minute
morning
afternoon
evening
night
due-en
pii
chua mong
na-tee
dawn chao
dawn bai
dawn yen
dawn tum

Expressing time: this is somewhat tricky in Thai as they have traditionally broken the 24-hour clock into four sections. As a beginner, it’s too confusing to follow and your best bet is to stick to a 24-hour clock (e.g. 1pm would be sib-saam chua mong or 13 hours).

Questions
what
where
when
how much
how many
how (action)
is (is not)
can (cannot)
have (action)
are (to be)
a-rai
(thee) nai (sometimes ‘nai’ is used on its own)
mua-rai or gee mong (at what time)
tao rai
gee (comes before the subject,
as an exception to the rule)
yaang raimai (rising tone)
dai mai (rising tone)
rue yaang (as in ‘have you finished’)
rue plow (as in ‘are you Thai’)
Hospitality
hotel
guest house
restaurant
toilet/bathroom
hot water
room
bed
massage
air con
rong rerm
baan phak
raan ah-harn
hawng naam
naam rawn
hawng
thii nawn
nuat
air con
fan
storey
swimming pool
knife, fork, spoon
bill
telephone
tv
cable

phad lom
chan
sa-wai-inaam
met, sawm, chorn
check bin
tor-ra-sap
tor-ra-tat
cay-bon

Eating and drinking
food
seafood
drinking water
beer
ice
liquor
fruit juice
fruit
lunch
breakfast
dinner
rice
fried rice
chicken
ah-harn
pla talae
naam plao
bier
nam ken
lao
naam pon-lamai
pon-lamai
ah-harn klang wan
ah-harn chao
ah-harn yen
kaow(falling tone)
kaow pad
gai
pork (all kinds)
beef
shrimp / prawns
tofu
vegetables
noodles
bread
bakes / snacks
sugar
sweet
salt(y)
spicy / chilli
msg
wheat
muu
neu-ah
gung
tao hoo
phak
kwai-teow
ka-nom pan
ka-nom
naam-taan
wan
kem
pet / prik
pon suu rot
kao saa lii

If you don’t want an ingredient included simply add mai ow (lit; not want) before any of these (e.g. Mai own pon suu rot). Places

Places
city / town
village
house
beach
island
bay
mountains
river
market
park
meu-ang
(moo) baan
baan
haad
koh
aow
phuu-kao
mae naam
talad
suan-luang
national park
waterfall
museum
bank
bus station
train station
airport
police station
post office

suan sa-ta-na
naam tok
pee piti pan
ta-na-karn
sa-tar-ni rot but
sa-tar-ni rot fai
sa-nam-bin
sa-tar-ni tam ruat
pra-sa-nii

Adjectives
fast
big
fat
early
cheap
long
difficult
full
hot
loud
near
black
red
blue (light / dark)
gold
long time
reo
yaai
uan
chao
tuuk
yaow
yaak
tem
rawn
siang dang
glai-ee (falling)
sii dam
sii dang
sii faa / sii nam ngerng
sii tong
naan
slow
small
thin
late
expensive
short
easy
empty
cold
quiet
far
white
yellow
green
grey
a lot
little
cha
lek
phawm
saai
paeng
tia
ngaai (falling tone)
mot
yen (naow – weather)
niyap
glai (low tone)
sii khaow (rising tone)
sii luang
siik Kieow
sii tao
yerk/maak
nit noi
Emergency
help!
not well
stomach ache
tooth ache
hospital
doctor
thief / stolen
medicine
afraid
tired
chuay duay
mai sabai
puat tong
puat fun
Rong payabaan
maw
kamoy-ee
yaa
klua

danger
hurt / pain
head ache
eyes sore
police station
dentist
accident
lawyer
must have

aan-ta-rai
jep / puat
phuat hua
puat taa
sa-tar-ni tum ruat
maw fan
oo-bot-tee-het
nat got-mai nuay
dong mee

Essential phrases
I don’t understand
I want to go to …
What time will you leave?
What time does it close?
Turn left / right
I don’t want any thanks
Can you fix this?
Can you make it cheaper?
Can we meet again?
I miss you
Do you understand?
Do you have a room?
What time will it open?
Which way?
Go straight / stop!
Go away
How much is this?
I don’t like (this) …
I love you
very much
mai kao jai
yaak pai…
ja pai gee mong
bit gee mong
leo saai / kwaa
mai ow krap / ka!
som nee dai mai (falling and rising tone on dai mai)
lot dai mai (falling and rising tone on dai mai)
pob gan dai mai (rising tone on mai)
kit tung khun …
kao jai mai (rising tone on last word)
mee hawng wang mai (rising tone on last word)
bert gee mong
tang nai
trong pai / yuut!
pai sii!!
nee tao rai
mai chawp (nee)…
Pom / chan rak kun
maak

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